Misinformation vs. Disinformation
We are all acquainted with information. We are presented with it all the time. Especially now, during the CoVid-19 outbreak, information, or should I say, correct information, is priceless. However, few are familiar with the least favorable forms of information, that is misinformation and disinformation. Yes, they are different and now we are going to debunk them.
Both misinformation and disinformation are false information. The difference appears in the sense that one of them is spread intentionally while the other type is not.
Misinformation is false information that is spread regardless of the intent to mislead. This means that this type of false information is spread by a person who isn’t fully aware that the information is false. We spread misinformation on a daily basis. Let’s say you have a dinner reservation for 8 pm, but you misinform your friend by telling them that the reservation is for 9 pm because you forget. Even though spreading misinformation is not favorable, it is not your fault because you didn’t mean to.
On the other hand, disinformation is false information that is spread intentionally in order to manipulate or mislead. Going back to the previous example, if you know that the dinner starts at 8 pm, but you tell your nemesis that it starts at 9 pm in order to make them late, then that is disinformation. Disinformation can be dangerous when used for greater purposes. An example of this is countries like North Korea where modern dictatorships exist, which spreads disinformation in order for its citizens to think that their government is righteous and good.
Misinformation and disinformation can be very similar and sometimes it is hard to tell the difference. Keep in mind that misinformation is spread regardless of the intent to mislead while disinformation is spread with the intention to mislead or manipulate.